1. Question: In hyperkalemia, cardiac rhythm changes are a direct result of cardiac cell hypopolarization.
2. Question: When thirst is experienced, how are osmoreceptors activated?
3. Question: Which are indications of dehydration?
4. Question: At the arterial end of capillaries, fluid moves from the intravascular space into the interstitial space because the interstitial hydrostatic pressure is higher than the capillary hydrostatic pressure.
5. Question: Which enzyme is secreted by the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney when circulating blood volume is reduced?
6. Question: Why are infants susceptible to significant losses in total body water (TBW)?
7. Question: Physiologic pH is maintained around 7.4 because bicarbonate (HCO3) and carbonic acid (H2CO3) exist in a ratio of
8. Question: In ARDS, alveoli and respiratory bronchioles fill with fluid as a result of the compression on the pores of Kohn, thus preventing collateral ventilation.
9. Question: Dyspnea is not a result of
10. Question: Clinical manifestations of pulmonary hypertension include
11. Question: Pulmonary edema usually begins at a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure or left atrial pressure of _____ mm Hg.
12. Question: Clinical manifestations that include unexplained weight loss, dyspnea on exertion, use of accessory muscles, and tachypnea with prolonged expiration are indicative of
13. Question: Which pleural abnormality involves a site of pleural rupture that act as a one-way valve, permitting air to enter on inspiration but preventing its escape by closing during expiration?
14. Question: A(n) _____ is a circumscribed area of suppuration and destruction of lung parenchyma
15. Question: Which of the following is a true statement?
16. Question: High altitudes may produce hypoxemia through
17. Question: The most successful treatment for chronic asthma begins with
18. Question: In tuberculosis, the body walls off the bacilli in a tubercle by stimulating
19. Question: The release of fibroblast growth factors affects ARDS by causing
20. Question: An accurate description of childhood asthma is that it is a(n)
21. Question: What is the primary cause of RDS of the newborn?
22. Question: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by a(n)
23. Question: Chest wall compliance in infants is _____ in adults.
24. Question: Which of the following types of croup is most common?
25. Question: Which of the following statements about the advances in the treatment of RDS of the newborn is incorrect?
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