Purpose: The purpose of the Essay is for students to become familiar with how the concepts of reflection, problem solving, and logic form a means of inquiry which can be applied to the construction of arguments used in psychology, broader academic pursuits, and everyday life.
Students are required to prepare and submit an individual Critical Thinking Essay, using “rhetorical tools” for critical and scientific argumentation (use Bassham, ch 13, from required readings to help with the structuring of your paper and writing). Although you will be discussing ideas with your groupmates, it is very important that your essay is written independently. Plagiarism and collusion issues will be checked upon submission. Your task is to discuss the validity of the claims with reference to scientific evidence and using critical thinking tools that you will learn in lectures.
The Mozart effect: Playing Mozart’s music to infants boosts their intelligence.
In 1997 Don Campbell published the book The Mozart effect suggesting that listening to classical music enhances intelligence. Is this true?
You may use as many of these references as you want. In addition is required to find two additional peer reviewed references on the chosen topic.
Bassham, G., Irwin, W., Nardone, H., Wallace, J. M. (2013). Critical thinking: A student’s introduction (5th ed., pp. 1-28, 376-417,455-483). New York: McGraw-Hill. (Ch., 13)
Nelson, C. (2003, January 10). Mozart and the miracles. The Guardian. Retrieved January 19, 2018 from https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2003/jan/10/artsfeatures.shopping
Bangerter, A., & Heath, C. (2004). The Mozart effect: Tracking the evolution of a scientific legend. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43(4), 605-623. doi: 10.1348/0144666042565353
Taylor, A. K., & Kowalski, P. (2004). Naϊve psychological science: The prevalence, strength, and sources of misconceptions. The Psychological Record, 54(1), 15-25. Retrieved January 19, 2018 from https://search.proquest.com/docview/212674773?accountid=8194
Rauscher, F. H., Shaw, G. L., & Ky, K. N. (1993). Music and spatial task performance. Nature, 365, 611.
Steele, K. M., Dalla Bella, S., Peretz, I., Dunlop, T., Dawe, L. A., Humphrey, G. K., . . . Olmstead, C. (1999). Prelude or requiem for the ‘Mozart effect’? Nature, 400(6747), 827-827.
Steele, K. M., Bass, K. E., & Crook, M. D. (1999). The mystery of the Mozart effect: Failure to replicate. Psychological Science, 10(4), 366-369.
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